昆山市的产业演化及其借鉴意义.doc

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  • 更新时间:2016-11-14
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摘要:国家“十二五”规划指出,经济结构的优化调整将成为“十二五”我国经济发展战略的重要主线,产业结构优化升级问题已引起了政府和学术界的高度瞩目。可以说,区域经济实力从根本上说是由其产业结构决定的,产业结构优化升级可以促进资源的有效配置, 也是促进区域经济发展的关键。

   三十多年来, 昆山走出了一条依靠外向型经济带动整个区域经济发展的“昆山之路”。昆山从一个经济落后、对外封闭、产业结构单一的农业小县,一步步发展成为开放型经济发展成功的新型工商城市。在这个过程中,昆山在产业转移、升级上的成功是很关键的积极促进因素。

   本文在前人研究产业优化的理论基础上,结合“昆山之路”的成功案例,着重分析昆山产业结构调整的有效路径,总结其成功经验。 

关键词: 产业优化升级   昆山   借鉴意义

 

Abstract:State "Twelve Five" plan that the optimal adjustment of economic structure will be the "second five" important economic development strategy, the main line of the industrial structure optimization and upgrading issue has caused a great deal of attention in government and academia. Can be said that regional economic strength is basically determined by its industrial structure, upgrade the industrial structure can promote the efficient allocation of resources is the key to promoting regional economic development.

       For over thirty years, Kunshan has undertaken a unique path called “the road of Kunshan” which relies on the open-oriented economy to promote the economic development of the whole region. Kunshan from a backward economy, closed to the outside, the industrial structure of small single agricultural county, a step by step develop into the successful development of an open economy New industrial and commercial city. In the process, transfer of Kunshan in the industry, upgrading of success is critical to actively contributing factor.

    In this paper, previous studies based on the theory of industrial optimization, combined with "Kunshan Road " success stories, focusing on analysis of industrial restructuring in Kunshan effective way to summarize the successful experience. 

Keywords: Industrial upgrading    Kunshan     Reference

 

改革开放以来,我国经济发展迅速,经济增长速度较快,很多区域产业结构升级优化则略显滞后。在经济持续增长的要求下,产业结构的调整显得尤为重要。可以说,产业结构是是经济增长的的内在助推器,也是经济增长的本质要求。

   区域经济的发展,更应该从实质上优化、升级产业结构,具体来说就是通过使产业结构趋于合理化和高级化,来改善资源配置,加快经济增长。在产业结构优化升级上,很多地方走在了前面,并且卓有成效的通过对产业结构的优化升级,促进了区域经济的快速发展。也有很多地方产业结构调整进程缓慢,甚至还起于起步阶段。因此,对成功案例的研究分析,是有客观需求和现实意义的。“昆山模式”作为成功的典型,是值得去深入研究其内涵,提炼其精髓的,为一些产业结构调整还较为落后区域起指导、借鉴作用。

 

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