Abstract:In September 2009, Bill Gates and Warren Buffett came to China to persuade millionaires in China to donate half of their wealth to philanthropy career. Media in China focused on this special banquet and stimulated a large scale of report on China’s philanthropy career. America is one of the richest countries in the world. During its two hundred years history, numerous millionaires donated their money and engaged themselves in the philanthropy career. Besides, people in America devote their time to charitable career. Not only students but also adults participate voluntary work in communities. However, millionaires in China do not take an active part in philanthropy career, though we have accumulated much wealth in the past three decades because of the policy of reform and open. When we compare the philanthropy culture between America and China, we can find that the philanthropy culture is deeply rooted in the America citizens. In America, people from every class, rich or poor, do their best to charitable career. The reasons are mainly their religious belief, their attitudes towards wealth and cultural tradition that could be dated back to the middle age in Europe. The religious factor is indispensable in American’s daily life. They believe that Christians should be thanksgiving and help each other. They believe that dead with post-mortal wealth is a kind of sin unless they donate their money to help the poor. What’s more, NGOs (non government organizations) play a complemental role and have unique functions. This paper aims at discovering the philanthropy culture in America and analyze the measures taken by famous NGOs in America so that we can learn the advanced philanthropy experience and construct our harmonious society.
Key words: philanthropy culture, America, China