意识流手法中的语义突破_英语论文.doc

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Abstract:In semantics, there exists constraint in the collocation of a sentence’s components. Sense relation of the collocation is conventional and is decided by the selectional restriction. However, in many works of the modernist and post-modernist writers, the employment of the stream-of-consciousness technique has brought to light much evidence that language in literary works can violate the selectional restriction, and the lexical collocations in the descriptive sentences, too, can go against the semantic convention. This paper is aimed at analyzing the ways how modernists or post-modernists violate the semantic conventions in the adoption of the stream-of-consciousness technique, as well as the literary significance brought by such a semantic breakthrough.

Key Words: selectional restriction, semantic convention, collocation, the stream of consciousness

 

摘要:根据英语语言学的语义学分支理论,句子的成分搭配需要有理据的语义关系来支撑。这种语义关系上的约束是由选择限制这一理论决定的,但在后现代意识流文学作品中,很多描写都打破了语义搭配的常规,这种语义突破现象为语言学和文学两个领域搭建了交汇点。本文旨在对意识流作品中的语义异常现象作出分析,对其形成模式的原因,分类以及功能作出具体的阐述。本文首先对语义选择性限制,语义关系和意识流的概念进行阐述,然后在意识流作品中找出对子,分为词,句子,语篇层面的异常搭配,对其违反语义常规的具体方面进行分类并在最后对意识流通过打破语义常规达到的文学魅力作了分析和总结。 

关键词:选择性限制,语义惯例,搭配,意识流

 

  When Edward Sapir illustrates the relations between language and literature, he states that the language is not a mere system of communication, rather, it is an invisible coat worn on our spirit, and it predetermined the expression of all spiritual symbols. We would call it literature when the expression is very interesting. That is to say, the literature is the language which is written in an attractive way. It should be the true reflect of the writer’s inner opinion (359). To meet all those requirements, writers should be innovative in using language. As the stream-of-consciousness works rise abruptly in the modern world literary, Joyce, Woolf, Folklore, and other writers stand out. They abandoned the traditional writing style and focused on the psychological activities taking place in the characters’ mind. Important character traits of persons in literature are revealed through an exploration of what is going on in their mind (Li, Zhang 147).

 

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