解读余华小说《兄弟》的社会画面.doc

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摘要:《兄弟》以欲望为切入点,以兄弟二人作为连接“文革”与当今社会两个时期的纽带,展示出一个特殊的社会历史横截面。在“文革”的大背景下,作者揭示了人性恶的一面,对人与人之间的关系本质做了大胆的思考,对友情、亲情、伦理和信仰进行了大胆的怀疑,描述了一个动物似的相互残杀的人物关系画面,充分暴露出人性的丑陋和残暴,并通过一系列的暴力化灾难场景,展示出人所释放的疯狂、邪恶和被激发的善与美,然而造就命运的不只是时代,性格也影响着人物的命运走向,兄弟俩的情谊和人生价值观在小说中被反复加以拷问。小说通过两个人物的命运折射出两个时代的裂变,大大强化了对了对历史和现实的表达,突出了命运与社会变动以及性格的关系。本文超越道德层面,对“文革”背景下的人物画面、暴力役使下的悲剧画面以及性格主宰下的命运画面进行审视,由此解读《兄弟》对欲望、人性的描写。

关键词:兄弟;“文革”;暴力;性格

 

Abstract:《Brothers》take the “desire” as the starting point , the two brothers as the link of" Cultural Revolution "and today's society ,to showing us a cross-section of a special social history. In the background of "Cultural Revolution", the author reveals the evil side of the human, take a bold thinking on the relationship between human essences, a bold doubt on friends, family, ethics and beliefs, description a screen of human butcher each other like animals, fully exposed the ugliness of human nature and brutality, and through a series of violence、disaster scenes, displayed the release of crazy, evil and the excite of beauty, kind by human being. However the lot is not only created by the age, but also the character figures effected, in the novels, the bother’s friendship and life values were repeatedly grilled. Thought two figure’s lot, the novel reflects the fissile of two ages, greatly strengthens the expression of the history and reality, highlighted the relations between social changing and the character. This article beyond moral level, survey the figure scene in the "Cultural Revolution" background, the tragedy scene under the violence ordered and the lot scene dominated by characters, through which to explaining the description of desire and human nature in 《Brothers》.

Key words: brothers; the Cultural Revolution; violence ;disposition

 

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