浅析初中物理教学中学生实验观察能力的培养.doc

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  • 更新时间:2016-07-09
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  • 文档路径论文阅览室 > 教育专区 > 中学教育 >

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摘要:根据新课程物理教学理念——“提高全体学生的科学素质”、“注重学生发展,改变学科本位”、“从生活走向物理,从物理走向社会”、“注重科学探究,提倡学习方式多样化”以及“注重情感态度、价值观的培养”等。物理是一门以观察和实验为基础的学科,所以物理教学肩负着培养学生观察能力的重要任务,这就要求我们在教学中,不但要培养学生的观察能力,而且要教育学生做善于观察的有心人。

   本文首先对中学物理教学中培养学生实验观察能力的重要性进行探讨,其次对本地中学生的实验观察能力现状进行调查研究,并探讨影响中学生实验观察能力的因素,然后针对这些因素,对如何培养学生的实验观察能力的教学策略进行初步探讨。提出:首先从学生的心理入手,让学生勤于动手、乐于观察;其次,教师通过教授学生实验观察技能来培养和提高他们的实验观察能力等。通过以上方面发表自己的一些见解,同时也为自己今后的学习和工作奠定基础。

关键词:初中物理教学;实验观察能力;调查;培养;教学策略

 

ABSTRACT:According to the new curriculum physics teaching idea -- "to improve all the students' science quality", "pay attention to students' development, change the subject standard", "from life to physics, from physics to society", "pay attention to scientific research, promote the study of diversification" and "attention to emotion attitude, values and culture". Physics is an observation and experiment based on the subject, so the physical teaching shoulders the important task of cultivating students' ability of observation, which requires us in the process of teaching, not only to develop the students' ability of observation, and to educate the students to be good at observing people.    

   At first,This paper to middle school physics teaching in cultivating students' experiment ability to see discussed the importance of, secondly, the local high school students to the experimental observation capacity present situation investigation and study, and to study the effect of middle school students experimental observation ability factors, and then on how to cultivate students' experiment ability to observe the teaching strategy is discussed. Put forward: first of all students from the psychology of students to begin, ready to observe diligently; Moreover, the teacher through professor experimental observation skills to cultivate and improve the students' experimental observation ability, and so on. Through the above aspects published some ideas, but also for their future study and work lay the foundation.

Keywords: The junior middle school physics teaching; Experimental observation ability; Survey; Training; Teaching strategy

 

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