分析鲁迅《阿Q正传》中阿Q的形象与当代性_汉语言文学.doc

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摘要:在鲁迅的《 阿Q正传》中最引人注意的是阿Q的精神胜利法和阿Q革命。阿Q的精神胜利法集中表现为现实中常常处于受凌辱、遭欺侮的地位,但在精神上却能永远得到虚幻的胜利,获得心理的满足。阿Q的精神胜利法作为普遍的中国国民性弱点,它是超越时代界限的,自有其形成的思想历史根源,同时阿Q的精神胜利法也超越了国度的界限,它表现了人性的共同弱点。我们既要看到它在社会发展中的阻碍作用,还应看到它在调节个人身心、促进社会和谐中的作用。阿Q的革命则表现出极大的盲目性和报复性,它表明政治革命不能脱离思想革命,不能忽略国民素质的改造。今天我们重新分析阿Q这一形象,一分为二地看待阿Q的精神胜利法和正确地看待阿Q的革命,对于提高全民素质、促进当今社会发展,构建社会主义和谐社会都是非常必要的。

关键词:阿Q形象;精神胜利法;革命;当代性

 

Abstract:The most noticeable things in LuXun’s famous novel The Principal Biography of Mr. A.Q are his spiritual winning-method and his revolution career. When Mr. A.Q got insulting and bullying in real world, his spiritual winning-method can make him get the unreal victory and let him find mental satisfying. The spiritual winning-method of Mr. A.Q as a usual bad characteristic of Chinese people has surpassed the limit of time because of its thought origin, at the same time; it also has surpassed the limit of national boundaries to show the whole human’s weakness. We should know its obstructed function in the development of society but we should also understand its good function in regulating people’s body and mind and improving the harmonious of society. Mr. A.Q’s revolution has been filled with blindness and retaliation which told us that the politic revolution can’t go with out thought revolution and the reforming of people’s mind! Today our analyzing on the image of Mr. A .Q again to treat his spiritual winning-method and his revolution from positive and negative sides is very important to improve the quality of human、the development of social and to build the harmonious Socialism society.

Keywords:the image of Mr.A.Q; spiritual winning-method; revolution; contemporary

 

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