《浮士德》及其之后的家园问题.doc

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  • 更新时间:2016-12-29
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摘要:“上帝之死”(西方)和“天崩地坼”(中国),思想界的困境使所谓“家园”问题前所未有的突出和紧迫。本文以德国伟大的作家兼思想家歌德的杰出作品《浮士德》为起点,上溯西方“家园”历史,下述理性时代的“浮士德”的“家园”建设,进而探究“浮士德”之后的“家园”之路,理析“家园”现状。在此前提下,本文企图在现代的三位叛逆者(尼采、马克思和海德格尔)的思想突围过程中展开“家园”之“思”的敞开式对话,从而在勾画历史进程中“家园”的当下现状,进而导出“家园”的某种可能,企望有限的工作能够使家园”之“思” 变得更加明晰,“寻家”之路越走越宽。

关键词:浮士德;  家园;  思想叛逆者; 对话

 

Abstract: "God is dead" (Western) and "World, collaps" (China), the plighe in thought caused the problem of “home” becoming unprecedented urgency.This paper take the masterpiece work “Faust” for example ,”Faust” writted by the great German writer and philosopher Goethes .this paper traced the "home" of history in West, outlined the state of “home” built by Faust in vation time ,and explored how did the people′s home in past Faust time , as well as ,limned what was the state of the “home” now. Under this premise, the paper took the modern three traitors--Nietzsche, Marx and Heidegger for example , attempted to base their idea′breakthrough to open my dialogue about the home, thinking.My goal was to outline the “home”, state at this moment in historical process and to explore the possiblity of the home. I hope my limited work can make the "thinking" of “home” becoming more and more clarity, and the road to "find home" becoming broader and broader. 

Key words: Faust; home; ideological traitor; interlocution

 

  无论东方还是西方,“上帝之死”和“天崩地坼”,思想界弥漫着浓浓的乡愁气氛,思想家们把现代人的历史处境称之为“无家可归”的“宿命”。“家园”是人的安身立命之所,“家园”的失阙,人将直接面临趋向动物式的历史反动,动物是有居无家的,更没有家园的意识;“家园”的倒塌,人们在震惊,恐惧,愤怒乃至焦躁之余必须直面苍白的现实,于是流浪之路重合着回乡之路的可能。本文以堪称西方近代人的圣经的《浮士德》为起点,上溯家园的历史,下据人们追寻家园的现状并指向人们走向家园的未来,希冀在收集寻乡人的脚步上做出归纳和总结,同时企望有限的工作也能给乡愁者以某种安慰和启发!

 

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