ABSTRACT:Amy Tan is one of the leaders of Chinese American literature. Her first book, The Joy Luck Club, received extraordinary compliments upon publication from literary critics as well as ordinary audience. Therefore, there have appeared many scholars devoted to analyzing this beautiful novel. Generally, they focus on such perspectives as racial issue, sexual discrimination, and defiance against cultural misunderstanding reflected in the novel.
A great majority of the characters in The Joy Luck Club are female; the occasionally-mentioned male characters are all flat. In addition, this is a novel written by a female writer, told by eight female protagonists, and intended, to a large extent, for women readers. For these reasons, I perceive Feminism as the most optimum aspect for exploring the thoughts hidden in the 16 stories.
The first part of this essay is general information about the author’s life and the novel The Joy Luck Club. The former had a profound impact on the composition of the latter. The second and third part teases out the respective struggles of the four pairs of mother-and-daughter on a lateral level while the fourth part summarizes the different relationships among women in different times on a vertical level. The three parts together show that feminism makes progress as time marches forward. The fifth part states the manifestation and features of male chauvinism in different cultures and different times, indicating that it has not been wiped out—it is merely hidden in other forms. Thereout, the conclusion is: despite the progress of Feminism, women in today’s society are still under the pressure of sexual discrimination. To end the essay, I come up with some solutions to help women today to achieve a more rational and self-reliant understanding of their social status.
Key words The Joy Luck Club; Feminism; male chauvinism; oppression; resistance
中文摘要:谭恩美（Amy Tan）是当代美国华裔文学的领军人物，其处女作《喜福会》(The Joy Luck Club,1989)一经发表便引起轰动，受到美国普通读者和文学评论界少有的赞誉。因此近年来，许多学者致力于对该小说的研究，他们主要从种族、社会性别以及反抗文化误读和误解等角度对其作品进行研究。