Abstract:Looking back at the American history, we can see clearly that the black people fluenced the history of America, in politics, economy and culture. In history, they went through all kinds of difficulties and struggled for racial equality and freedom. Movement of liberation is the Beginning of the struggle, then it culminates in civil rights. Thus the whole process pushes forward the development of American society. My dissertation focuses on the position of black people and the reasons of Civil Rights Movement. Blacks occupy an important position in American history. At the same time, huaman rights is an indispensable ingredient and the development of civilization of a united multinational country, which is both the guarantee for peaceful development and an efficient weapon against the resurgence of racial discrimination.
Key Words: the role of black people; American history; the racial discrimination