关键词：社会发展 学校合并 义务教育
ABSTRACT:China’s education system has gone through a history of several decades and has gradually developed a mode including the village primary school, the township primary school, the township middle school and a few rural private middle schools. In the recent two decades, due to the urbanization, the outflow of rural surplus labor force and the implementation of China’s family planning policy, the school-aged population in rural areas have declined. And the village primary school and rural private middle school which have done well before cannot change according to the decline of the rural school-aged population.
Under the call for the transformation from the urban-rural dualistic structure into the integration of urban and rural areas, China’s education system is changing and the previous development mode of urban-rural differential education which fits in with the urban-rural dualistic structure has been changed gradually. To adapt to this change, the rural schools are integrated in the margin areas of every city, and the layout of the whole rural schools has been adjusted to some extent.
In this paper, the author will apply the previous document research and study the case of a student who has witnessed the integration of the rural schools and has transferred to the new integrated school to study. And also the advantages and disadvantages of the rural school integration will be discussed and the experience of many left-behind children who go to the integrated township schools to study will be described. From a microscopic view, the author will analyze the rural school integration and the study environment and life conditions of the rural students, study how the rural school integration has influenced the whole rural compulsory education and find new ways.
Key Words: social development; school integration; compulsory education