非写作因素对小学生作文影响的案例研究.doc

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  • 文档路径论文阅览室 > 教育专区 > 小学教育 >

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摘要:本文在理论研究分析和问卷调查的基础上,针对现阶段小学生语文写作中遇到的困难提出针对性的理论假设,论证三大“非写作因素”对小学生作文影响的科学性以及可行性。本文主要采取个案研究的方式进行论证。力图为广大一线小学语文教师的实践作文教学工作提供一定帮助,能够用学生喜爱并且能接受的方式进行作文教学,摒除单纯写作强化训练的弊端。本文对三大“非写作因素”的研究如下:一、课外阅读多的孩子,写作能力强;这一因素在解决小学生写作素材缺乏、内容单薄层面有相当的作用,其实施也简单易行,容易在广大小学中推广;二、表达能力强的孩子,写作能力强;通过问卷调查可得,小学生乐于交流表达,但在网络化的社会,学生的口语化现象严重,网络用语充斥学生作文。交流表达的确能够促使学生写作语言的进步,然而这不仅是学生自主的行为,更需要与他人的互动,不断纠正自己的语言表达;三、动手能力强的孩子,写作能力强。根据英文原意,动手能力是需要思维跟进、由“外化”到“内化”的过程,这是一个长期且需要教师创造性智慧的写作辅助方法,对学生的思维拓展有一定实际意义。

关键词: 非写作因素;小学生作文;个案研究

 

Abstract:This paper, based on the theoretical analysis and survey , puts forward the specific and theoretical hypothesis about the difficulties encountered in the writing by pupils  , and it also demonstrates the scientific and feasible influence of “non-writing factors ”  to writings . In this paper, case study is the main approach to analyze. Moreover, this paper aims to provide some help for the language teachers, who could use the methods that interest the pupils, in practical composition teaching process, and get rid of the drawbacks of intensified practice. 

   The followings are the three parts of this paper : firstly , the more the children read, the better the children’s writing ability .This factor exerts great importance in dealing with the shortage of writing material and thin content of pupils’ composition ,which could be applied easily among the primary education . Secondly, the greater communication skills a children have, the better the children’s writing ability. Based on the result of  a questionnaire , the pupils are willing to express themselves .However, in the networked society , the students prefer to using spoken language ,which are also flooded in the writing .Communication could definitely stimulate the progress in writing language , however, it is not the autonomous behavior ,which need to interact with others and constantly correct their own mistakes. Third, the more activate in hand, the better the children’s writing ability. According to the meaning of English, the ability of hand is needed to be followed up by mind form “outside”to “inside”, which is a long-term, intellectual , creative method and have some practical significance .

Key words :  non-writing factors  , pupils , composition

 

   作文教学不仅仅是一个环节的教学任务,所谓“语文”,最广为人知的解读即是“语言文字”。如此简简单单的四个字,却道出了语文的性质以及用途。除了日常对话,人们另一种表达运用语言文字的地方就是写作。随着时代的变化,人们进入电子时代,很少人静下心来、拿起笔,写下文字,这种现象使得如今的小学作文教学困难重重,由于各种原因,学生的作文越来越应付、越来越机械化,写作水平长时间不见长。而语文教师一味的写作强化训练在一定时间内或许能提高学生写作水平,然而站在学生的角度又怎样呢?

 

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